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Mg - Magnesium

Magnesium

 Magnesium 
Mg
Atomic Number: 12
Atomic Weight: 24.305
Element Type: Alkali Earth Metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Melting Point: 650.0°C = 1202.0°F = 923.15 K
Boiling Point: 1090.0°C = 1994.0°F = 1363.15 K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.72 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.36 Å
Electronegativity: 1.31

History

(Magnesia, district in Thessaly) Compounds of magnesium have long been known. Blackrecognized magnesium as an element in 1755. Davy isolated it in 1808 and Bussy prepared itin coherent form in 1831. Magnesium is the eighth most abundant element in the earth'scrust. It does not occur uncombined, but is found in large deposits in the form ofmagnesite, dolomite, and other minerals.


Sources

The metal is now principally obtained in the U.S. by electrolysis of fused magnesiumchloride derived from brines, wells, and sea water.



Science Quote

'The atomic bomb ... made the prospect of future war unendurable. It has led us up those last few steps to the mountain pass; and beyond there is different country.'

J. Robert Oppenheimer
(1904-1966)


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