Physics & Astronomy News

<p>A drawing illustrates the unusual topological landscape around a pair of features known as exceptional points (red dots), showing the emergence of a Fermi arc (pink line at center), and exotic polarization contours that form a Mobius-strip-like texture (top and bottom strips).</p>

<p>Courtesy: MIT</p>
New exotic phenomena seen in photonic crystals
Researchers observe, for the first time, topological effects unique to an 'open' system.
<p>ESA Astronauts training in terrestrial lava tubes in Lanzarote during the PANGEA 2016 course. Credit: ESA/L. Ricci</p>
Lava Tubes: Human Habitats on the Moon and Mars?
Lava tubes, underground caves created by volcanic activity, could provide protected habitats large enough to house streets on Mars or even towns on the Moon.

<p>PR Image heic1715a</p>

<p>The binary asteroid 288P (artist’s impression)</p>
Hubble Discovers a Unique Type of Object in the Solar System
Astronomers have observed the intriguing characteristics of an unusual type of object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
<p>Professor Kyoung Jin Choi (left) and Yeon Soo Jung (right) are examining a wearable TEG. As shown right, the output voltage of the W-STEG attached to clothes was measured to be 52.3 mV.</p>
Wearable Solar Thermoelectric Generator
UNIST has introduced a new advanced energy harvesting system, capable of generating electricity by simply being attached to clothes, windows, and outer walls of a building.

Observation confirms Einsteins general theory of relativity.
Astronomers have used NASA Hubble Space Telescope to repeat a century-old test of Einsteins general theory of relativity
Gravitational Wave Kicks Monster Black Hole Out of Galactic Core
Astronomers have uncovered a supermassive black hole that has been propelled out of the center of a distant galaxy by what could be the awesome power of gravitational waves.
Milky Way-like Galaxies in Early Universe Embedded in 'Super Halos'
By harnessing the extreme sensitivity of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), astronomers have directly observed a pair of Milky Way-like galaxies seen when the universe was only eight percent of its current age.

Science Facts

Single Molecule Electroluminescence

by Anton Skorucak and

(A) Silver oxide film exposed to DC current; (B) activated regions emitting light when conected to AC current; (C) zoom shows single molecule electroluminescence: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Incandescence and luminescence are two main ways of producing light. In incandescence, electric current is passed through a conductor (filament of a light bulb for example). The resistance to the current in the conductor heats it up and it starts emitting light - glowing. Any other form of producing light without heat is called Luminescence, sometimes referred to as 'cold light'. There are various types of luminescence: electroluminescence, chemiluminescence, photoluminescence, etc.

Most glow in the dark toys work on the photoluminescence principle: you expose the dye in the toy to UV - Ultra Violet light (black light) and it emits light in the visible (say green) without getting hot. Emergency light sticks would be an example of chemiluminescence. Two chemicals contained in the stick are mixed when you break the stick and the chemical reaction between them produces light, again without the stick getting hot. Electroluminescence, however, is a phenomenon where electric field energy is converted into light. Plug-in night lights, light emitting diodes, and some displays work on this principle.

Electroluminescent technology has been around for some time; however a research group from the Georgia Institute of Technology has recently made a breakthrough. They produced electroluminescence from a single molecule of silver. They exposed thin films of silver oxide, which are not electroluminescent, to direct current of approximately one ampere. This activated some of the silver oxide molecules, which then appeared within discolored regions in the film (image part A). When electrodes carrying alternating current were then attached to the film a thin line of silver clusters began to emit light in colors that varied depending on the size of the clusters (image part B). When they zoomed in (image part C), single molecule light emission signatures were visible. This was a first observation of a single molecule electroluminescence. Further research may lead to small light sources that can be used on computer chips, small optical memories, high-efficiency quantum information processing and cryptography.

Hubble mosaic of the majestic Sombrero galaxy.
Hats Off to the Sombrero

This nearly edge-on view of the Sombrero galaxy shows that the disks of spiral galaxies are incredibly thin. The majestic spiral arms cannot be seen in this side view of the Sombrero, named because it ...
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This photograph of the coil-shaped Helix Nebula is one of the largest and most detailed celestial images ever made.
A Ring Around a Dying Star

In November 2002, sky watchers were viewing the glow of meteors from the Leonid meteor shower burning up in Earth's atmosphere. They had been anticipating this celestial light show for months, expecti ...
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This image shows the comet Wild 2, which NASA
NASA Spacecraft Reveals Surprising Anatomy Of A Comet

Findings from a historic encounter between NASA's Stardust spacecraft and a comet have revealed a much stranger world than previously believed. The comet's rigid surface, dotted with towering pinnacle ...
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Science Quote

'Wisdom is the daughter of Experience, Truth is only the daughter of Time.'

Leonardo da Vinci

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