I found this information and tons of really neat stuff (pictures, movies, etc.) at http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/ , which is the homepage for NASA's SOHO (SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory) project. For a good intro, click on "Classroom" (on the left hand side, under the "RESOURCES" heading), and then on the section for "The Sun 101" course.
Answered by: Gregory Ogin, Physics Undergraduate Student, UST, St. Paul, MN
'I want to know God's thoughts...the rest are details.'