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At - Astatine

Astatine

 Astatine 
At
Atomic Number: 85
Atomic Weight: -210.0
Element Type: Halogen
Crystal Structure:
Melting Point: 302.0°C = 575.6°F = 575.15 K
Boiling Point: °C = °F = K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.43 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.45 Å
Electronegativity: 2.2

History

(Gr. astatos, unstable) Synthesized in 1940 by D.R. Corson, K.R. MacKenzie, and E.Segre at the University of California by bombarding bismuth with alpha particles. Thelongest-lived isotopes, with naturally occurring uranium and thorium isotopes, and tracesof 217At are equilibrium with 233U and 239Np resulting from integration of thorium anduranium with naturally produced neutrons. The total amount of astatine present in theearth's crust, however, is less than 1 oz.


Sources
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Science Quote

James Clerk Maxwell Photo

'For the sake of persons of ... different types, scientific truth should be presented in different forms, and should be regarded as equally scientific, whether it appears in the robust form and the vivid coloring of a physical illustration, or in the tenuity and paleness of a symbolic expression.'

James Clerk Maxwell
(1831-1879)


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