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Cu - Copper

Copper

 Copper 
Cu
Atomic Number: 29
Atomic Weight: 63.546
Element Type: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic Face Centered
Melting Point: 1084.62°C = 1984.316°F = 1357.77 K
Boiling Point: 2562.0°C = 4643.6°F = 2835.15 K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.57 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.17 Å
Electronegativity: 1.9

History

(Latin cuprum , from the island of Cyprus) It is believed that copper has beenmined for 5,000 years.


Sources

Copper occasionally occurs native, and is found in many minerals such as cuprite,malachite, azurite, chalcopyrite, and bornite.

Large copper ore deposits are found in the U.S., Chile, Zambia, Zaire, Peru, andCanada. The most important copper ores are the sulfides, the oxides, and carbonates. Fromthese, copper is obtained by smelting, leaching, and by electrolysis.

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