(Albert Einstein) Einsteinium, the seventh transuranic element of the actinide seriesto be discovered, was identified by Ghiorso and co-workers at Berkeley in December 1952 indebris from the first large thermonuclear explosion, which took place in the Pacific inNovember, 1952. The 20-day 253Es isotope was produced.
In 1961, enough einsteinium was produced to separate a macroscopic amount of 253Es.This sample weighted about 0.01Mg and was measured using a special magnetic-type balance.253Es so produced was used to produce mendelevium (Element 101).
About 3Mg of einsteinium has been produced at Oak Ridge National Laboratories by
The targets were then removed for chemical separation of the einsteinium fromcalifornium.
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'I beseech you to take interest in these sacred domains so expressively called laboratories. Ask that there be more and that they be adorned for these are the temples of the future, wealth and well-being. It is here that humanity will grow, strengthen and improve. Here, humanity will learn to read progress and individual harmony in the works of nature, while humanity's own works are all too often those of barbarism, fanaticism and destruction.'