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Ga - Gallium

Gallium

 Gallium 
Ga
Atomic Number: 31
Atomic Weight: 69.723
Element Type: Metal
Crystal Structure: Orthorhombic
Melting Point: 29.76°C = 85.568°F = 302.91 K
Boiling Point: 2204.0°C = 3999.2°F = 2477.15 K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.81 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.26 Å
Electronegativity: 1.81

History

(L. Gallia, France; also from Latin, gallus, a translation of Lecoq, a cock) Predictedand described by Mendeleev as ekaaluminum, and discovered spectroscopically by Lecoq deBoisbaudran in 1875, who in the same year obtained the free metal by electrolysis of asolution of the hydroxide in KOH.


Sources

Gallium is often found as a trace element in diaspore, sphalerite, germanite, bauxite,and coal. Some flue dusts from burning coal have been shown to contain as much 1.5 percentgallium.



Science Quote

'There is no inductive method which could lead to the fundamental concepts of physics. Failure to understand this fact constituted the basic philosophical error of so many investigators of the nineteenth century.'

Albert Einstein
(1879-1955)


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