Mn - Manganese


Atomic Number: 25
Atomic Weight: 54.93805
Element Type: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic Body Centered
Melting Point: 1246.0°C = 2274.8°F = 1519.15 K
Boiling Point: 2061.0°C = 3741.8°F = 2334.15 K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.79 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.17 Å
Electronegativity: 1.55


(L. magnes, magnet, from magnetic properties of pyrolusite; It. manganese, corrupt formof magnesia)

Recognized by Scheele, Bergman, and others as an element and isolated by Gahn in 1774by reduction of the dioxide with carbon.


Manganese minerals are widely distributed; oxides, silicates, and carbonates are themost common. The discovery of large quantities of manganese nodules on the floor of theoceans may become a source of manganese. These nodules contain about 24% manganesetogether with many other elements in lesser abundance.

Most manganese today is obtained from ores found in Russia, Brazil, Australia, Republicof S. Africa, Gabon, and India. Pyrolusite and rhodochrosite are among the most commonmanganese minerals. The metal is obtained by reduction of the oxide with sodium, magnesium,aluminum, or by elctrolysis.

Science Quote

'The strength and weakness of physicists is that we believe in what we can measure. And if we can't measure it, then we say it probably doesn't exist. And that closes us off to an enormous amount of phenomena that we may not be able to measure because they only happened once. For example, the Big Bang. ... That's one reason why they scoffed at higher dimensions for so many years. Now we realize that there's no alternative... '

Michio Kaku

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