Zn - Zinc


Atomic Number: 30
Atomic Weight: 65.39
Element Type: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Melting Point: 419.53°C = 787.154°F = 692.68 K
Boiling Point: 907.0°C = 1664.6°F = 1180.15 K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.53 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.25 Å
Electronegativity: 1.65


(German Zink, of obscure origin) Centuries before zinc was recognized as a distinctelement, zinc ores were used for making brass. Tubal-Cain, seven generations from Adam, ismentioned as being an "instructor in every artificer in brass and iron." Analloy containing 87 percent zinc has been found in prehistoric ruins in Transylvania.

Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. in India by reducing calamine withorganic substances such as wool. The metal was rediscovered in Europe by Marggraf in 1746,who showed that it could be obtained by reducing calamine with charcoal.


The principal ores of zinc are sphalerite (sulfide), smithsonite (carbonate), calamine(silicate), and franklinite (zine, manganese, iron oxide). One method of zinc extractioninvolves roasting its ores to form the oxide and reducing the oxide with coal or carbon,with subsequent distillation of the metal.

Support US

Our server costs have gone up and our advertising revenue has gone down. You do the math! If you find our site useful, consider donating to keep us going. Thanks!

Science Quote

'Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.'

Albert Einstein

All rights reserved. © Copyright '1995-'2018   Privacy Statement | Cookie Policy