Besides writing modern Greek, today its letters are used as mathematical symbols, particle names in physics, as names of stars, in the names of fraternities and sororities, in the naming of supernumerary tropical cyclones, and for other purposes. The Greek alphabet originated as a modification of the Phoenician alphabet and in turn gave rise to the Gothic, Glagolitic, Cyrillic, Coptic, and possibly the Armenian alphabets, as well as the Latin alphabet.

Capital | Low-case | Greek Name | English |
---|---|---|---|

Alpha | a | ||

Beta | b | ||

Gamma | g | ||

Delta | d | ||

Epsilon | e | ||

Zeta | z | ||

Eta | h | ||

Theta | th | ||

Iota | i | ||

Kappa | k | ||

Lambda | l | ||

Mu | m | ||

Nu | n | ||

Xi | x | ||

Omicron | o | ||

Pi | p | ||

Rho | r | ||

Sigma | s | ||

Tau | t | ||

Upsilon | u | ||

Phi | ph | ||

Chi | ch | ||

Psi | ps | ||

Omega | o |

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'Physics is mathematical not because we know so much about the physical world, but because we know so little; it is only its mathematical properties that we can discover.'**Bertrand Russell**

(*1872-1970*)

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