If I am on a merry-go-round with a friend, and the friend is closer to center than I am, are they going faster then I am?
No, you are going faster. The merry-go-round is rotating with uniform circular motion - that means that it rotates at a constant angular speed.
Now lets say your friend is a distance r from the centre which is also equal to the radius of her circular path and you are a distance R.
Distance travelled in one period:
Friend = 2*pi*r
You = 2*pi*R
which is the circumference of your respective circular paths.
Lets say that the time period of one complete circle is T:
Now by the definition of angular speed
w=2*pi/T where w is the angular speed in radians/s
So this means that the speed is:
Since you are circling with uniform circular motion w is the same for both of you meaning that the closer you are to the centre the slower your linear speed is.
Martin Archer, Physics student, Imperial College London, Uk
'You cannot hope to build a better world without improving the individuals. To that end each of us must work for his own improvement, and at the same time share a general responsibility for all humanity, our particular duty being to aid those to whom we think we can be most useful.'