Name sugar is used for any sweet soluble monosaccharide or disaccharide.
Monosaccharides are so called simple sugars, are a group of carbohydrates consisting chiefly of sugars having a molecular formula: C6H12O6 (hexoses) or C5H10O5 (pentoses).
A white sweet crystalline disaccharide is found in numerous plants, particularly the sugar cane, sugar beet, and maple-tree sap. It's chemical formula is: C12H22O11
Reference: Dictionary of Science by Uvarov & Isaacs, Penguin Reference, USA 1986.
Answered by: Anton Skorucak, M.S. Physics, PhysLink.com Creator
'One thing I have learned in a long life: that all our science, measured against reality, is primitive and childlike - and yet it is the most precious thing we have.'