Can lightening travel through matter (specifically a canvas awning supported by aluminum poles) and strike the children sitting beneath on wooden tables supported by a concrete slab? If so, how do you
calculate a safe distance from the lightening that is visible?
Asked by: Cindy Blum
Lightening is a discharge of static electricity that 'contains' millions of volts of
potential difference and many thousands of amps of electrical current. The
temperature of a lightening bolt is hotter than the sun by at least 15 times! So, to
put it plainly, a lightening bolt can pretty much travel through anything it wants!
This is like asking 'Where does a 300 pound gorilla sit?' 'Anywhere it pleases!'
Now, why would lightening go one place and not another? Would lightening 'go after
children sitting on a concrete slab?' Probably not. Lightening will travel the path
of least resistance from cloud to ground or ground to cloud. But this is resistance
to electrical current flow. So, can the lightening 'more easily' ground itself on
bare ground or through concrete? Most often bare ground offers less electrical
resistance so a concrete slab is probably safe. But, if that slab has steel
reinforcement bars in it and if these pairs are exposed that slab would most certainly
not be safe. You car is safe because the rubber, real or not, offers a lot more
electrical resistance to the lightening than the bare ground.
As to what is the safe distance from visible lightening that depends on where you are
relative to the storm and which direction the storm is moving and how fast it is
moving and how big it is or is getting. With all these factors to consider, and I am
sure to have left many out, the safest thing to do when you see a storm coming is to
get inside a building or a car. If you cannot, I am sure you already know the drill.
Note by the editor: The most I am concerned with are those aluminum poles supporting the canvas awning. Since they are conductors, and they are probably placed directly into the ground they are a perfect attractive point for lightening.
Answered by: Tom Young, M.S., Science Teacher, Whitehouse High School, Texas
'There is no inductive method which could lead to the fundamental concepts of physics. Failure to understand this fact constituted the basic philosophical error of so many investigators of the nineteenth century.'