Dry ice is nothing more than Carbon Dioxide (CO2) which has reached the temperature at which
it turns into its solid state, or what we would more commonly call its frozen state.
Carbon Dioxide is an interesting material because, at normal atmospheric pressures, it has
no liquid state. It can only obtain a liquid state under very high pressure in a
So, when you have a frozen chunk of carbon dioxide out in the open where you can see it, it
will transform directly from its solid state to a gas state with no intermediate liquid
state. This process is known as 'sublimation'.
Dry ice does not really need to be wet with water to give off visible vapor, it will freeze
water vapor in the air near it producing visible vapor all by itself, however adding water
will also add substantial heat which will cause the solid CO2 to sublimate at a greatly
accelerated rate thus producing much more visible vapor.
Answered by: Evan Edwards, Ohio
'In a way science is a key to the gates of heaven, and the same key opens the gates of hell, and we do not have any instructions as to which is which gate.
Shall we throw away the key and never have a way to enter the gates of heaven? Or shall we struggle with the problem of which is the best way to use the key?'